Gender equality guidelines for UNESCO publications

Gender equality guidelines for UNESCO publications

Annex 3: Key Definitions and Terms.

Gender
Gender refers to the roles and responsibilities of men and women that are created in our families, our societies and our cultures. The concept of gender also includes
expectations held about the characteristics, aptitudes and likely behaviours of both
women and men (femininity and masculinity). Gender roles and expectations are
learned. They can change over time and they vary within and among cultures. Systems of social differentiation such as political status, class, ethnicity, age, physical and mental disability, and more all modify gender roles. The concept of gender is vital, because when applied to social analysis it reveals how women’s subordination (or men’s domination) is socially constructed. As such, the subordination can be changed or ended. It is not biologically predetermined nor is it fixed forever. […]

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